Wikipedia Reference Information
Israeli settlements are communities inhabited by Israeli Jews in territory that came under Israel's control as a result of the 1967 Six-Day War. Such settlements currently exist in:
The West Bank, which is partially under Israeli military administration and partially under the control of the Palestinian National AuthorityThe term sometimes includes communities in territory that was captured in 1967, but has since been under Israeli civil law, administration and jurisdiction in
East Jerusalem, which, contrary to international opinion is incorporated within the municipal borders of Jerusalem ; and The Golan Heights, where military rule was revoked in 1981 and has been under Israeli civil law, administration and jurisdiction through the Golan Heights Law.Eighteen settlements formerly existed in the Sinai Peninsula, twenty-one in the Gaza Strip, and four in northern Samaria, but were abandoned as part of Israeli withdrawals from these areas, in 1982 and 2005 respectively.
Israeli policies toward these settlements have ranged from active promotion to removal by force, and their continued existence and status since the 1970s is one of the most contentious issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
The complete, up-to-date and editable article about Israeli Settlement can be found at Wikipedia: Israeli Settlement