The Bell Curve
Wikipedia Reference Information
The Bell Curve is a controversial, best-selling 1994 book by Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray exploring the role of race and genes in American life. Named for the bell-shaped normal distribution of IQ scores, the book claims that Americans of high intelligence form a "cognitive elite" who have a significantly higher-than-average chance of succeeding in life, as do their children. The book became widely read and debated due to its discussion of race and intelligence in Chapters 13 and 14, where the authors make the controversial claim that blacks, on average, are less intelligent than whites and Asians, and that this difference might be due in part to genetic factors.
Shortly after publication, large numbers of people rallied both to criticize and defend the book. Some critics denounced the book and its authors as supporting scientific racism.
The complete, up-to-date and editable article about The Bell Curve can be found at Wikipedia: The Bell Curve